Optimal immune systems
Lundi 23/11/2015, 14:00-15:00
Salle Claude Itzykson, Bât. 774, Orme des Merisiers
Biological organisms have evolved a wide range of complex strategies to defend themselves against pathogens. I will present a common evolutionary framework that balances the benefits and costs involved in protection against pathogenic environments to maximize the long growth rate of populations. I recover well separated pure phases that describe basic forms of known immunity. I will then focus on adaptive immunity which is based on a combinatorically encoded stochastically tuned repertoire of receptors that protects organisms from a diverse set of pathogens. A well-adapted repertoire should be tuned to the pathogenic environment to reduce the cost of infections. I will discuss a general approach for predicting the optimal repertoire that minimizes the cost of infections contracted from a given distribution of pathogens.